Patients are seeking more of non-surgical treatment for antiaging; therefore, a number of manufacturers have started offering dermal fillers. The ingredients that compose dermal filler may vary in different brands. Manufacturers come up with exclusive formulas that provide maximum advantage to the patients. Following are few of the most common types of dermal fillers available in the cosmetic market.
Hyaluronic acid based dermal fillers are most common and widely used. Hyaluronic acid is a substance that occurs naturally in a human body. It facilitates in maintaining the structure of the facial features and volume of the skin, at the same time helping in the movability and lubrication of the joints. It is a very important component which is used in orthopedic and cosmetic surgeries.
They hyaluronic acid dermal fillers are injected deep into the dermis to fill in the hollows in the cheeks, reduce wrinkles, remove acne scars, and cover the frown lines near the eyebrows. It generates best results in curing the marionette lines (the lines at the corners of the mouth) and nasolabial folds- these lines make the face look unhappy.
It provides immediate results and does not require multiple treatments to get the desired facial expression. The dermal filler brands that are hyaluronic acid-based. Juvederm, Restylane, Surgiderm, Belotero, Filorga and a few others.
Polymethyl-Methacrylate Microspheres (PMMA)
The Polymethyl- Methacrylate Microspheres was primarily used as an active agent in surgical implants. Dermal fillers composed of PMMA are a more appropriate treatment for wrinkle removal instead of collagen replacement therapy. Lip augmentation is also possible with these dermal fillers.
The semi-permanent structure makes it suitable to be used in filling moderate to severe wrinkles and stubborn deep nasolabial folds. Performing treatment with PMMA dermal fillers are tricky, so it is important that the surgeon is familiar with the tunneling and threading methods. The Bellafill is a Polymethyl- Methacrylate Microspheres based dermal filler.
Calcium hydroxylapatite dermal fillers do not result in allergies and reactions as it is produced biosynthetically with no animal content used in it. It is a mineral like compound present naturally in bones.
Radiesse is a Calcium hydroxylapatite based dermal filler. These dermal fillers are used torestore and add volume to the cheeks. It produces natural results and does not look like artificial enhancements. Furthermore, it is injected into the deep wrinkles, marionette and fore lines to reduce them and provide the lost base of the facial structure. The Calcium hydroxylapatite lasts longer than other dermal fillers and is also used by dentists in surgeries.
Poly L Lactic Acid
The Poly-L-Lactic acid assists body in the generation of collagen; which keeps the skin elastic and smooth. This substance is a semi-permanent and biodegradable. Furthermore, it does not cause harm to the patient as it is a non-toxic substance.
Basically, it is a stimulator – helping in stimulating collagen generation process. Thus, the results of these dermal fillers are not immediate. A three-month treatment is required to get the anticipated outcome. It may take about six weeks time to see the outcome of the treatment.
It is used to plump flat lips and fills the deep nasolabial folds andmarionette lines – suitable to treat the lower part of the face.